At first, the idea of starting automation testing from scratch may seem intimidating. You may get stormed with questions such as how to start and where to start from? I am going to highlight some key notes for you to keep in mind as you plan to start automation testing from scratch.
First, let us understand the types of testing which can be fast-tracked with the help of automation
- Regression Testing: An ever-increasing regression suite which needs to be executed post every release to ensure no new or older functionality tampers.
- Complex functionalities: Complex calculative areas which lead to human errors.
- Smoke testing: Running automation suite for major functionalities will help assess the quality of the build. This helps to save time for teams by analyzing whether the build needs in-depth testing or not post the automation suite results.
- Data-driven testing: Functionalities that required to be tested with multiple sets of data.
- Cross-browser testing: This is one of the bigger issues that arise when it comes to supporting application on multiple browsers and versions or if refer to responsive testing for validating the website’s Responsive Web Design. Running manual tests over and again on multiple browsers takes a lot of effort, time and investment. Automating the application and running those tests on multiple browsers in parallel help making testing quicker, efficient, less monotonous and redundant. Cross browser testing tools can help teams ensure applications are functional and cross browser accessible across the broadest range of browsers, versions and devices.
- Repetitive tests: Tests that are relatively repetitive and unchanged from one test cycle to the other.
How To Start Your Automation Process?
You need to realise 2 questions.
1. What to automate?
2. How to automate?
What To Automate?
The answer to this question lies in the following criteria:
Based on the frequency of testing: If you have frequent release hitting the market, it’s of more importance to automate your smoke testing as well as regression testing first, as that would help speed up the testing cycles with quicker time to market with lesser manual intervention.
Business and technical priority: This is of importance as based on the business needs and complexity, testers can split functionalities that need automation support first as compared to others. Areas with less business priority can be removed from the automation scope.
What can be automated – This factor depends upon a lot of areas like usability aspect which cannot be automated and are more suitable to Manual Testing, other aspects like tool dependency can also limit the areas to be automated. Other aspects like application supporting multiple browsers should be prioritised for automation testing to save time on cross-browser testing.
How To Automate?
One basic fundamental that a team or any organisation overlook is not all tests can be automated. Instead of targeting for the unrealistic goal of a 100% automation for your application under test, set a target for the portion of tests that you wish to automate. If you are new to automation testing, you can start by moving just a subset of your tests from manual to automation. The key goal is to start small and evolve. Writing smaller test cases will help you in maintaining and reusing them in future areas of the application you wish to automate. Mapping your test cases with each method or function will help provide better coverage. Also labelling your test cases helps in easier identification, so the team can figure out which ones to automate and which ones to not.
When you starting automation testing from scratch then it would be better to just go by exploring new areas of the application via manual means and creating a risk plan as what needs to be automated and what need not, based on the business priorities. Also, create a list of browsers and devices with the help of web analytics to understand your end-user preferences as you start automation testing from scratch. This helps to ensure you are covering your application from a cross-browser compatibility point of view as well.
A clear distinction of what areas should remain manual is as important as deciding what should be automated. Keeping these criteria to decide on the scope of automation helps to evaluate automation on a long run and provide better ROI when the plan to start automation testing from scratch.
Selecting The Right Automation Tool
Automation testing is highly tool-dependent. Deciding which tool to use for automation testing of your application, depends on multiple factors like:
- The domain of your application.
- Programming Experience.
- Open Source or Commercial
This is where our Partnership can flourish, as we help you technically grow your capability on the right path.